Our Precious Water Resource:
conservation encompasses the policies, strategies and activities made to
manage fresh water as a sustainable resource, to protect the water
environment, and to meet current and future human demand. Population,
household size, and growth and affluence all affect how much water is
used. Factors such as climate change will increase pressures on natural
water resources especially in manufacturing and agricultural irrigation.
goals of water conservation efforts include:
• Ensuring availability of water for future
generations. This requires that the withdrawal of fresh water from an
ecosystem does not exceed its natural replacement rate.
• Energy conservation. Water pumping, delivery and
waste water treatment facilities consume a significant amount of energy.
In some regions of the world over 15% of total electricity consumption is
devoted to water management.
• Habitat conservation. Minimizing human water
use (Water Management) helps to preserve freshwater habitats for
local wildlife and migrating waterfowl, as well as reduces the need to
build new dams (dig wells as in the case of small islands) and other
water manufacturing infrastructure (Spring Garden Ionics Co).